The death penalty (capital punishment) is one type of punishment. Explain two other types of punishment

The death penalty (capital punishment) is one type of punishment. Explain two other types of punishment. (6 marks)

At first glance this seems to be a pretty tough question given that we see many other questions requiring you to explain two items and giving out between 2 and 4 marks. In reality though, once we have thoroughly EXPLAINED two forms of punishment we will see that this question is actually not too difficult.

This question also lacks what one would call “Jewish content”. It does not clarify whether or not the punishments mentioned are Torah based or not. Having checked the mark scheme for this particular question, it would appear than any types of punishment are acceptable whether Torah based or Secular.

Let us try and reinterpret the question so that we can squeeze more marks out of our answer:

For a particular type of punishment …
What types of crimes do we use this punishment for? Why these crimes and not others?
What do we, as a society hope to gain from punishing a person in that way?
What might we hope the criminal gains from being punished in this way?

If we thoroughly answer these questions for a particular type of punishment e.g. PRISON or FINE then it shouldn’t be an issue to obtain maximum marks. Lets see what points we can use to answer the question:

IMPRISONMENT

• Imprisonment involves locking up an individual for a certain period of time away from the general public.
• Prison is used when a person poses a serious threat to other individuals so they can no longer harm them
• People who physically hurt, abuse or murder people are sent to prison as well as serious theft or fraud
• Primarily, prison keeps others safe from the criminal but we hope that the prisoner reforms himself whilst locked up

FINES

• Fining someone forces them to pay a certain amount of money either to the state or the victim
• Money is highly valued so it acts as a great deterrent to crime
• Usually crimes involving money such as minor fraud and tax avoidance are punished with fines i.e. crimes that don’t involve an immediate threat to society

COMMUNITY SERVICE

• Community service involves performing some kind of service to society such as cleaning streets
• The punishment is used for minor crimes such as graffiti and public disturbance
• Community services aims to rehabilitate the offender by making them appreciate the damage they have done
• The service given is usually based upon the crime committed

Sample Answer:

IMPRISONMENT

Imprisonment involves locking up an individual for a certain period of time in a secure facility known as jail or prison. The punishment is used for serious crimes such as murder, gross physical harm, abuse, serious theft or major fraud. Primarily prison keeps society safe from the criminal but we also hope that the prisoner reforms himself whilst being locked up.

COMMUNITY SERVICE

Community service involves performing certain jobs that society needs doing such as cleaning streets or cutting grass. The punishment is usually used for young offenders that commit minor crimes whose chances of rehabilitation are much greater than someone who is already involved in more serious crimes. Community service aims to rehabilitate the offender by making them realise the value of community and society.

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